The age of 20’s and 30’s can be roughly understood as early adulthood. This is a time when the person is at physiological peak, at the same time very high risk to be the involved in violent crimes and drug abuse.
This time to be focused on the future, to put a lot of energy on receiving a good profession. It is important to earn the status of full adult in the eyes of people around. The family, the birth of children and work become the main objectives at this stage of life.
Age after 30’s through the mid-sixties is possible to call middle adulthood.
During this period of lifespan aging, which began earlier becomes more noticeable. However, many people are at the peak of efficiency in love and work. It may be a period of gaining expertise in certain fields, and the person understands the problems and finds solutions more effectively. It can also be a time to become more realistic concerning opportunities in life, finding balance in between reality and fiction.
As we age, the body undergoes physical changes. Age changes are based on many factors. Biological factors, such as molecular and cellular changes are called primary aging. Aging that occurs due to controllable factors, such as bad diet, lack of a sleep (insomnia), lack of physical activity, is called secondary aging.
Cognitive changes in these period of adulthood reach peak approximately at the age of 35, and then slowly die away to in later adulthood. Researches showed that the active intellectual training and self-education can support the work of a brain at the highest level and create the best potential opportunities for productive cognitive activity.
There are many theories of social and emotional aspect of aging. The needs of the social and cultural activity increase. At this age, people usually gain sufficient financial stability, there is an opportunity to travel, to learn cultures and customs other than the western sociological societies.
One of theories tells (Vaillant, 2009) “we need to have and continue to find meaning throughout our lives”.
The older adulthood period for the last 100 years increased, especially in industrially developed countries. Huge jump the medicine moved ahead. Learned to win against diseases which were considered as incurable earlier. The education level of people grew, a clear understanding about “healthy lifestyle” appeared. The social sphere of the help and service of elderly people was created.
But physiological laws of life remained invariable.
Adults gradually grow older. They become physically helpless. Their sight and hearing worsen, the physical mobility vanishes, serious physiological and mental diseases develop.
The old age is subdivided sometimes into two categories, such as “young old” (people between 65 and 79) of and “old old” (those who are 80 and older).
One of the main differences between these groups is, the fact that “young people old” are very similar to Middle Adulthood stage. These people still work, are still relatively healthy and still interested in a productive and aktivnymy way of life. “Old old” are less active and productive, but the majority still live independently.
The risk of developing of diseases, such as atherosclerosis, cancer, and cerebral and vascular diseases significantly increases for this age group. Housing questions, (for example moving to care home), health care and increase in life expectancy are only some of subjects which are of interest to this age group. To estimate a variety of people in old age it is better to be beyond chronological age and examine whether a person is experiencing: optimal aging (very good health for their age also continue to have active, interesting lives),
normal aging (in which changes are similar to the majority physiological and psychological to changes inherent in people of the same age), or impaired aging (elderly having serious physical illnesses). Adults gradually grow older. They become physically helpless. Their sight and hearing worsen, the physical mobility vanishes, serious physiological and mental diseases develop. Unfortunately, very old people often are exposed to inattention and abuse.