Chapter 1 1

Chapter 1

1.1 PROBLEM SUMMARY

When we had surveyed the residential homes and commercial buildings with water meter system, we got to know that there are many parameters which are to be taken under consideration which are as follows:

1. Human negligence due to manual reading:

Due to manual reading taken by the concerned persons, there were chances of inaccurate reading and improper reading of time.

2. Inaccurate readings:

Due to manual meter reading, reading taken of meter according to proper time was not so accurate.

3. Absence of person residing in house:

We observed that due to any reason if no one is there at home, then the concerned person coming for reading the water meter is not able to access the meter and cannot take reading. Due to this, bill is just sent which may carry inaccurate readings.

4. Leakage in pipelines:

If there was leakage in the pipelines then manual analogue meters are not able to detect or read according to this issue. Nor it can inform us about this problem.

1.2 Aim and objectives of the project

Aim of this project is to make an approach for performing automated water meter reading to know the consumption of water from required place to the monitoring office. The smart metering approach proposed by us differs from existing commercial methods by making use of low cost IoT system. This will cover both meter reading in individual domestic or industrial consumers to perform meter reading and update to monitoring office portal database for billing and payment. This will reduce manual meter reading and billing for water distribution in metro cities and large urban areas.

1. Accuracy

2. No time lag

3. Automation in reading

4. Less manual intervention

5. Know leakage in pipelines

6. Know any leakage in taps or valves

7. All database stored in cloud system

8. IoT based circuit monitoring

1.3 Problem Specifications

Nowadays , water meters are being used in many places installed by municipal corporation to control wastage of water as well as to monitor usage of water in according to the requirements of people Based on the survey for payment of water charges in several cities, it has been found that the residential pipelines are monitored by means of an analogue water meter. But the readings from those water meters are manually obtained by means of a water monitoring staff . This reading method has many disadvantages, such as human negligence, slow and inaccurate processing of information. Thus, the precision in obtaining the information is reduced to a greater extend. By reading the water meter accurately on time, the water resources can be conserved effectively and efficiently. In our observation and research, an attempt is made by us to automate the domestic water end-use classification process using a IoT based circuit.

1. No Accuracy

2. Time lag

3. Manual reading

4. No automation

5. No reading of leakage in pipelines

6. No reading of any leakage in taps or valves

7. No previous database stored

1.4 Brief literature review and Prior Art Search about the project

1. Nayan Gupta and Deepali Shukla,”Design of Embedded based automated meter reading system for real time processing”, IEEE Students Conference on Electrical, Electronics and Computer Science (SCEECS), 5-6 March 2016, DOI: 10.1109/SCEECS.2016.7509328.

? Remarks: Aim of this project is to make an approach for performing automated water meter reading to know the consumption of water from required place using this embedded design.

2. Boulos, Paul F.Jacobsen, Laura B.Heath, J. Erick Kamojjala and Sri, “Real-time modeling of water distribution systems: A case study” ,Journal – American Water Works Association, 106(9), 2014, p. E391-

? Remarks: this project is to make an approach for designing automated water distribution system which can be implemented in urban areas.

3. Mduduzi John Mudumbe and Adnan M. Abu-Mahfouz,”Smart water meter system for user-centric consumption measurement”, 2015 IEEE 13th International Conference on Industrial Informatics (INDIN), 22-24 July 2015, DOI: 10.1109/INDIN.2015.7281870.

? Remarks: this project is to make an approach for designing automated water meter system which can be implemented in urban areas and make it user centric using simple circuit design.

4. Tracy C. Britton, Rodney A. Stewart and Kelvin R. O’Halloran, “Smart metering: enabler for rapid and effective post meter leakage identification and water loss management”, Journal of Cleaner Production, 54(1), 2013, p. 166-176. E401

? Remarks: In this project is leakage detection can be possible in automated water meter system which can be implemented in urban areas and make it user centric using simple circuit design.

1.5 MATERIALS REQUIRED

? Power Supply

? WiFi Module

? Flow Sensor

? Leakage Sensor

? Breadboard

? Wires

? Digital Meters

? Arduino-uno

Chapter 2
2.1AEIOU SUMMARY

1. Activities:

? Data Analysis
? Meter Reading
? Offline Payment
? Analogue Display

2. Environment:

? Residential Homes
? Commercial Buildings
? Industries
? Municipal Water Distribution Office

3. Interaction:

? Customer with Meter Reader
? Meter Reader with Data Analyzer
? Municipal Helpline with Customer

4. Objects:

? Water Meter
? Datasheet
? Pipelines
? Analogue Circuit

5. User:

? Residential Homes
? Commercial Buildings
? Industries

2.2 IDEATION CANVAS

1. People:
? Schools
? Colleges
? Hospitals
? Municipal Officer
? Industries

2. Activities:
? Data Analysis
? Meter Reading
? Offline Payment
? Analogue Display
3. Situation/ Location:
? Residential Homes
? Commercial Buildings
? Industries
? Municipal Water Distribution Office

4. Props/ Possible Solutions:
? Using IoT based Circuit
? Using Leakage Sensor and Flow sensor
? Using IoT based Water Meter

2.3 PRODUCT DEVELOPMENT CANVAS

? Purpose:-

1. Accurate
2. Less Power Consumption
3. Less Cost

? People:-

1. Residential Homes
2. Commercial Buildings
3. Industries
4. Municipal Water Distribution Office

? Product Experience:-

1. High Accuracy

2. Consuming Low Power

3. Less Cost

? Product Function:-

1. Automation in Work

? Product Features:-

1. Monitoring

2. Data Analysis

3. District Meter in Area

? Components:-

1. Flow Sensor
2. Leakage Sensor
3. Breadboard
4. Wires
5. Digital Meters
6. Arduino uno

? Reject, Redesign, Retain

1. Validity 5 to 7 years

2. All features used

3. Some sensor need to redesign

2.4 Empathy Summary

? Input Through AEIOU Framework:-

1. Activities
2. Objects
3. Users

? Scouted Challanges:-

1. Manual Checking
2. Friction
3. Accuracy
4. Wastage of Water
5. Power Consumption
6. Cost

? Top 5 Problem On The Basis Of Desirability, Feasibility ; Viability:-

1. Flow rate is not known
2. Leakage Cannot be detected
3. Manual Reading
4. Inaccurate Reading
5. Time Consumption

? Choose exact problem from five possibilities or by combinations of them:

1. Manual Work

Chapter 3

3.1 Block Diagram

3.2 Circuit Diagram

3.3Components Used

• Flow Sensor
• Arduino uno
• ESP 8266 WiFi Module
• Barrel Connector
• Breadboard and Wires

Reference