Measures of Crime
PSY303 A01 Introduction to Crime and Causes
According to the FBI Uniform Crime Reporting (UCR) program violent crimes is composed into 7 categories such as: murder & none negligent manslaughter, forcible rape, robbery, and aggravated assault. Law enforcement uses a more extensively detailed approach such as: race, age, sex, and location. The demographics go into an even broader selection of recording called socio-emotional, in which causing the victimization. Family, parent, children, siblings, relationships, work, and school associates. With looking more into the breakdown of categories you have, rather its male or female, white, black, Hispanic, other (American Indians, Alaska Natives, and Asians & Pacific Islanders). Age groups: 11 or younger, 18-24, 25-34, 35-54, and 55 or older. Regions: South, West, Midwest, and Northeast, urban, rural, inner city and suburban neighborhoods. What would be the population sized, income, two parent family home and multiple victims? Each source provided graphed deflations compared to past numbers with details base off demographics.
Violent crimes have been dropping in rate according to both research from the FBI UCR, Supplementary Homicide Reports and the National Crime Victimization Survey. The FBI report was from 2004-2008 and the measure of violent crimes was during the periods of 1960-2011 with predictions following through 2016.
Murder & none negligent manslaughter per 100,000 US residents declined from 9.3% in 1992 to 4.7% in 2011 the lowest since 1963. From the periods of 2002-2011, males were 3.6% higher than woman, blacks was 6.3% higher than whites and others drop to 1.8%. Ages 18-24 was the highest rate, 15.1% to 11.9% and the cities with populations over 100,000 dropped by 23% over the cities that are populated less than 100,000.
Aggravated Assaults from 2003-2012 accounted for 21% of violent crimes. 15% intimate partners, 4% immediate family, 2% other relatives, acquaintances at 32% and strangers at 38%. 76% are females while males hold to 24%, ages 12-17 & 50+ holds around 45% and 18-49 43%. 55% are known offenders, 37% strangers. 77% accrued near the homes and 23% within another location. Urban areas were 6.9% to suburban’s 4.5% and rural areas 6.7%.
The basics of the statistics are record by factual and multiple data source, although the facts are broken down in many categories the data shows to be true and similar to past relation to the justice system. Class does play a major role within our system. The wealthy can afford an expensive lawyer and have the best respective possible. As to those of lower classes will be assigned a public defender in which a plea bargain of sort is implied or the defense is half ass worked. You here more of crime rate being in favor to low income families and urban areas supposed to the suburbs and wealthy households. Woman as of yet statics has not change, value of a woman is age, color, wealth. Being poor and the wrong color could lead to not being taken seriously and labeled to be stupid of some sorts.
The Hispanics received their own chapters within each research; majority of the statistics was concerning blacks, whites and other. As too blacks violent crimes dropping compared to whites and urban neighborhoods compared to suburbs, and others was just thrown in. Furthermore Hispanic was single out and separated by none Hispanic, black Hispanic, white Hispanic and Hispanic with maps of crime and population growths separated from the original statistics.
US Department of Justice, The Federal Bureau of Investigation. (2009). 2008 crime in the United States: About crime in the U.S. Retrieved from http://www.fbi.gov/about-us/cjis/ucr/crime-in-the-u.s/2008
Measures of Violent Crime: Select Reports from the Bureau of Justice Statistics. (2015). New York: Nova Science Publishers, Inc.
Class, Race, Gender, and Crime:Social Realities of Justice in America http://www.academia.edu/547480/Class_Race_Gender_and_Crime_The_social_realities_of_justice_in_America