Question 1 The channel of distribution means is a chain of the product or service transaction through from the hand of producer direct to the hand of consumer or user

Question 1
The channel of distribution means is a chain of the product or service transaction through from the hand of producer direct to the hand of consumer or user. Every middle person gets the thing at one estimating point and films it to the following higher valuing point until it achieves the last purchaser. It includes numerous of broker such as suppliers, distributers, traders and operators.

The two channels that I know are direct channel and indirect channel. First is the direct channel, it is known as the producer or the maker supplies products directly to the consumers. The producer in this phases of direct channels development all the marketing capacities himself and no agent is included. In the direct channels, the producer tries achieve the shoppers through his particular retail stores, house to house offering, via mail and by deals from the factory.
The second channel that I know is indirect channel. Indirect channel is additionally called select distribution channels. It can be clear as promoting of products to retailer first and selling it to the buyers. It is a best strategy for items distributions and successfully developed for promote clothes, machines, cars, furniture and etc. The cause of choosing indirect channels of distribution is better control of goods supply and fast processing items.
Intensive and exclusive are different distribution strategy in marketing. The first distribution strategy is intensive distribution, it makes the popularity of the product and increase sales. There are different benefits of intensive distribution. It builds the supply of the item which increases the company’s income and sales opportunity. Another benefit is that an organization can examine the source of transaction, whether an item is more in demand from local suppliers or supermarket. With this information, the organization can examine of the reason for the failure in growing its deal at some locations.

The second distribution strategy is exclusive distribution, it is an understanding between a provider and a producer that the producer won’t transaction to any other individual and will offer it just to the exclusive wholesaler. In the meantime, even the exclusive wholesaler needs to enter the contract that he will offer the results of the producers exclusively and won’t offer those of the opposition. This ways, producer and the wholesaler have finish control on the distribution of the product. For example, Apple had an exclusive distribution manage AT;T to sell the iPhone to buyers.

Question 2
Penetration pricing means is a marketing strategy used by businesses to interest customers to a new creation or service. It also means the act of setting an original cost much lower than the possible standard price. Penetration pricing can bring new clients into your store, expanding market and building client faithfulness. In any case, it might make you lose cash and may increase competitors when it applied wrong. This marketing strategy depends on the possibility that low costs can help make a client mindful of and all the more eager to purchase a new product. In addition, businesses must think about the cost and benefit destinations, clients, the item’s life cycle and opposition. This ways can make easy to value items more successfully.

The advantage of penetration pricing is buyers having discovered awesome arrangements on item or administration previously. It will in all probability return again so as to get those gainful arrangements again. Originally, there is not really any opposition since the contenders are shocked the activity and don’t have enough time to respond and to execute value knowledge. In the event that they do choose to enter, they hazard having littler benefits. They would likewise be entering another piece of the overall industry which is brimming with uncertainty. Low costs empower the informal publicizing for an item, along these lines any promo movement turns out to be more effective. The first point disadvantage of penetration pricing is product harm. Purchasers frequently expect that the costs will remain as low as they are presently. They are frequently shocked sudden ascents in costs and thus, they might be inclined to attempt change to a contender. Accordingly there is lost piece of the overall industry that had been picked up. The second point is value war. Contenders will attempt to hold their piece of the pie by set low costs. It might reason value wars and gainfulness misfortunes.

For example of the penetration pricing in mobile phone market, Apple Company came in the market with an amazing working framework and took away the market with skimming cost. Later on, Samsung entered the market with entrance valuing and taking all the advanced mobile phones advertise from Apple. From that point forward, Apple stayed at Skimming cost because of its image building reason. In any case, Samsung’s market was taken away by Micromixer which used penetration pricing. What’s more, now micromixer is confronting rivalry from different brands which are entering the market. Along these lines, the client who is value touchy will continue changing to less expensive brands.

Penetration pricing strategy is generally used by late comers in the market. This pricing is typically used when the market is saturated or there are already many variants of the same product present in the market. Penetration pricing gives an edge to the company because many customers are attracted on the basis of price, or value for money and switch brands to adopt the brand offering low pricing on similar products.

Reference
Investopedia.com,(2018). Distribution channel.online Available at: https://www.investopedia.com/terms/d/distribution-channel.asp Accessed 16 March 2018.

Zkjadoon, (2016).Types of channels of distribution.onlineBusiness Study Notes. Available at: http://www.businessstudynotes.com/others/introduction-to-business/explain-types-of-distribution-channels-in-detail/ Accessed 16 March 018.

Economictimes.com,(2018). Definition of intensive distribution.online Available at: https://economictimes.indiatimes.com/definition/intensive-distribution Accessed 17 March 2018.

Hitesh Bhasin, (2017). What is exclusive distribution? Online Available at: https://www.marketing91.com/exclusive-distribution/ Accessed 17 March 2018.

Hitesh Bhasin, (2018). Penetration pricing explained with examples and case study. Online Available at: https://www.marketing91.com/penetration-pricing/ Accessed 18 March 2018.

Eugene Kharybin, (2018). Penetration pricing: the advantages and disadvantages, definition. Online Available at: https://competera.net/resources/articles/penetration-pricing Accessed 18 March 2018.