Treatment of Esophageal cancer Overview As with many cancers

Treatment of Esophageal cancer
Overview
As with many cancers, cancer treatment of esophagus has a better chance of success if the cancer is detected early. But unfortunately, by the time esophageal cancer is diagnosed for many people, it is often already in an advanced stage, which has metastasized already to other parts of the body.
Esophageal cancer is the eighth most common form of cancer worldwide
Esophageal cancer treatment and the prognosis depends on many factors such as the etiology, the staging of the cancer, whether the tumor could be surgically removed completely, and the overall health of the patient.
• Patients require special nutritional needs during treatment for esophageal cancer.
• Six types of standard treatment are used:
o Surgery
o Radiation therapy
o Chemotherapy
o Chemoradiation therapy
o Laser therapy
o Electrocoagulation
o Targeted therapy ( new types of treatments that are on clinical trial )
• It may cause side effects when treating esophageal cancers. Patients may want to think about taking part in a clinical trial. Patients can enter clinical trials before, during, or after starting their cancer treatment.
• Follow-up tests could be needed.

Treatment protocols for esophageal cancer are provided below.
Local Treatment:
Here the treatment is on a specific location, without affecting the rest of the body. The following treatments give best results and is useful for early stage (less advanced stages) cancers but could be used in other conditions as well.
• Surgery for Esophageal Cancer
• Radiation Therapy for Esophageal Cancer
• Endoscopic Treatments for Esophageal Cancer
Systemic treatments:
Systemic treatments are drugs, which is taken orally or treated directly into the bloodstream. These drugs travel through your whole system, and allows them to reach cancer cells almost anywhere in the body. Several different types of drugs could be used depending on the type of the esophageal cancer.
• Chemotherapy for Esophageal Cancer
• Targeted Therapy for Esophageal Cancer
• Immunotherapy for Esophageal Cancer
Common treatment approaches
Different types of treatment could be combined at the same time or used consecutively according to the stage of the cancer and other factors. Some of these treatments can also be used as palliative treatment when all the cancer cannot be removed. Palliative treatment is used only to relieve symptoms. For e.g. pain and trouble swallowing. It cannot cure the cancer.
• Treating Esophageal Cancer by Stage.
• Treating Recurrent Esophageal Cancer.
• Palliative Therapy for Esophageal Cancer : Photodynamic therapy, Electrocoagulation, Cryotherapy.